Vision Therapy

Vision Therapy

Vision therapy (also referred to as visual training) is a program aimed at remedying and enhancing an individual’s visual abilities.

Its function is to:

  • Treat existing visual problems such as amblyopia (lazy eye), eye alignment problems, eye coordination problems, poorly sustained near focus, inadequate eye-hand coordination and immature visual processing development.
  • Enhance the efficiency and comfort of visual function.
  • Help prevent some visual problems.

Vision therapy is best prescribed and supervised by Optometrists with specialised training, qualifications and experience in Behavioural Optometry.



Each program is indivdually designed to suit the specific needs of the individual, both in terms of their visual profile and their goals. Diagnostic testing, training procedures and the use of lenses and prisms may be integral components of the successful treatment of a vision problem. The frequency of consultation, the amount of home training and the duration of a course of vision therapy will vary depending on the nature and severity of the problem being treated and the specific needs of the patient.

Vision therapy is not used to strengthen eye muscles, but to improve the coordination and efficient functioning and processing of the visual system.

At Russo Optometry the Optometrists have all attained qualifications in Behavioural Optometry and have many years of experience prescribing and managing vision therapy.

We use a number of different methods and programs to allow us to select the most appropriate vision therapy for your child's needs.

We also use free space equipment including:

  • lenses
  • prisms
  • balance boards and
  • a variety of other equipment.

Orthoptics is another term often used in conjunction with vision therapy. Orthoptics is one part of a specific vision therapy program directed at improving binocular alignment and visual acuity in individuals with strabismus and amblyopia.

Reprinted in part from the Journal of Australasian College of Behavioural Optometrists

Now! Look away now!

As it has probably taken a few minutes to get to this page, it is now theoretically time for a 'visual break'.

Most eye clinicians agree that extended periods of concentrated close work can contribute to eyestrain. Eyestrain can cause short-term visual difficulties such as transient blur or may contribute to long-term deterioration specifically some types of myopia (short sightedness).

Symptoms of eyestrain can include obvious symptoms such as blurred vision, headaches and also loss of concentration. If you find yourself drifting off or staring into space, it may be that your visual system is not efficient.

Many computer users report eyestrain symptoms but they consider the ergonomic factors of glare, posture and their monitor size etc before they consider their vision. In some cases, spectacle lenses may be appropriate to assist computer users and in some cases vision training is indicated to allow the eyes to work at their peak efficiency.

Improvements in how the eyes aim and focus together can lead to greater concentration and increased efficiency for near work.