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The Rise of Myopia

The Rise of Myopia

What is Myopia?

Myopia, also known as short-sightedness, is a common condition that causes blurry vision in the distance.

Myopia has become so common that by 2020, it is estimated that 2 billion people worldwide will have myopia, and by 2050, almost 50% of the world will be myopic. [1] That is five billion people!

Reducing the prevalence and impact of myopia is critical as myopia is associated with many eye health risks later in life, such as retinal detachments, glaucoma, and cataracts.

Risk Factors

There are two main factors which can mean your child is more at risk of developing myopia: lifestyle and family history.

1) Aspects of our modern lifestyle affect the development of myopia including

  • Limited outdoor activity
  • Low levels of light exposure
  • Prolonged near tasks such as reading and gaming on portable devices

2) Family History :
The likelihood of developing myopia, particularly high myopia, also increases when one or both parents are myopic.


To slow the progression of myopia and reduce long term eye health issues, myopia needs to be managed as early as possible.

At Russo Optometry, we offer multiple evidence-based options to help slow the progression of myopia. These include Orthokeratology, Atropine, and Soft Multi-Focal Contact Lenses.

If you are concerned that your child might be myopic or at risk of developing myopia, the first step is to have your child’s eyes tested.

If your child is diagnosed with myopia, it is important that you talk with your Optometrist about correcting immediate vision issues and exploring what can be done to slow the progression of their myopia.

Please contact us if you have any questions about Myopia, we are always here to help and to our myopia and orthokeratology page for more information.




[1] The impact of myopia and high myopia: Report of the Joint World Health Organization – Brien Holden Vision Institute Global Scientific Meeting on Myopia. University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia. 16-18 March 2015.